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Slovak cuisine

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Slovak cuisine

In Slovakia there are a lot of restaurants that offer typical Slovak specialities, and the specialities of the neighbouring countries, too. Especially you can taste Hungarian, Czech and Austrian cooking that influenced the original Slovak cooking.

The Slovak most typical of all Slovak dishes is "bryndzové halušky" - potato dumplings with special sheep's cheese and fried bacon. The menu of the restaurants offer the typical Slovak soups, as for example: the soup of garlic, onion, of potatoes, sauerkraut, bean, lentils, and so on. Soups are dense and nourishing and, especially in the past, replaced the second dish.

The typical Slovak dishes are: the speciality of the Slovakia south and west - roast of goose and roast duck, the typical dishes of all Slovak country - speciality of game, speciality of pig (a lot of kinf of sausages, …), dishes based on fish, above all carp, pike and zander.

In the past, Slovak cooking had a lot of dishes without meat, above all based on flour, like for example the already mentioned halusky (small dumplings) - that where prepared by a mixture of flour and potatoes, accompanied with cheese of sheep (bryndza), covered with bacon, or with the combination of sauerkraut, or of cottage cheese, the pirohy - that are a kind of Italian ravioli, that are stuffed with cottage cheese, sheep cheese (bryndza) or, the sweet version, with jam, cover with poppy or with the minced walnuts.

The excellent taste and aroma of the Slovak specialities are well accompanied with the excellent quality of Slovak wines, from the zone of Bratislava (Rheinriesling, Welschriesling, Gruner Veltliner, Traminer, Silvaner and Muller-Thurgau) and of eastern Slovakia (Tokai), but also with the great offer of Slovak beers (Zlaty bazant, Kelt, Topvar, etc). The typical Slovak aperitifs is slivovica (plum brandy), hruskovica (pear brandy), borovicka (juniper brandy), demanovka (herb liqueur or herb bitter).

Recipe - Dumplings with sheep cheese (bryndzove halušky):

  • 800g potatoes
  • 2 eggs
  • 150g fine wheat flour
  • 150g coarse wheat flour
  • Salt
  • 300g sheep cheese (bryndza)
  • 200g smoked bacon

Pealed potatoes are washed and grated. Add eggs, fine and coarse wheat flour, salt and mix dough, which is then bit-by-bit dropped into boiling water with little salt.

Boiled dumplings are drained and mixed with bryndza. Fry smoked bacon, cut into small cubes, in a pan and than scatter them on top and add a little bacon fat.

 

Slovak dishes

  • Halušky
    o Bryndzové halušky (potato dumplings with bryndza - a sheep's cheese)
    o Strapačky
    o Chľustačky
  • Lokše (pancakes made of potato-dough backed directly on a cook-stove)
  • Bryndzové pirohy
  • Parené buchty
  • Široké rezance s tvarohom a slaninou: tagliatelle with quark and fried bacon
  • Zemiakové placky (potato pancakes fried in oil), also called Haruľa in regions Horehronie, Pohronie, Kysuce and Orava
  • Žemľovka
  • Granadír or Granadírsky pochod
  • Ryžový nàkyp
  • Orechovník, a sweet Nut roll
  • Makovník (poppy seeds roll)
  • Bratislavské rožteky


Soups and sauces

  • Fazuľová (soup made of beans)
  • Kapustnica (soup made of sauerkraut)
  • Rezancová (chicken soup with noodles)

Kapustnica (soup of sauerkraut with mushrooms)

   Kapustnica (soup of sauerkraut with
   mushrooms)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Traditional sweets and cookies

Usually baked at Christmas time, but also all year long, Slovak traditional sweets are usually home baked and harder to find in stores.

  • Laskonky: fluffy dough with walnuts and creamy filling
  • Mačacie oči
  • Trotle: 2 layers of cookie-like round tarts filled with chocolate cream and half-dipped in dark chocolate.
  • Vajcový koňak: the equivalent of eggnog.
  • Medovníčky
  • Medvedie labky
  • Trdelnik or Skalický trdelnik, a traditional cake baked on a rotating spit over open fire
  • Haboše
  • Čeregi

Meat

Pork, beef and poultry are the main meats consumed in Slovakia, with pork being the most popular by a substantial margin. Among poultry, chicken is most common, although duck, goose, and turkey are also well established. A blood sausage called jaternice also has a following, containing any and all parts of a butchered pig; it is an acquired taste. Game meats, especially boar, rabbit, and venison, are also widely available throughout the year. Lamb and goat are also available, but for the most part are not very popular. The consumption of horse meat is generally frowned upon.

Christmas dish (fish and potato salad with mayo and veg)

 

   Christmas dish (fish and potato salad with
   mayo and veg)

 

 

 

 

 

Kuracie prsia (Chicken dish)

 

 

 

   Kuracie prsia (Chicken dish)

 

 

 

 

(Pork with milano sauce and yeast dumpling)

 

 

 

  (Pork with milano sauce and yeast dumpling)

 

 

 

 

Eating habits

Traditionally the main meal of the day is lunch, eaten around noon. However, changing working habits have forced this to be altered in recent decades; today, it is not uncommon for many Slovaks to eat their main meal in the evening.

It is a common custom in Slovakia to bring a bottle of wine or spirits as a gift if you are invited to visit someone's home.

 

 

 

Illustrated recipes: www.slovakcooking.com

Source: www.slovakiatravels.com, www.wikipedia.org

More info: >www.slovakia.travel

Photo: SKC photo stock

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